Links: Air Pollution
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD Reports the costs of air pollution as USD $5 Trillion pa (2015) and
Who knew avoidable air pollution causes more harm than Covid-19! Air pollution links below.
Air pollution is linked to more severe COVID-19 cases and death, heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, dementia, psychosis, diabetes, brain tumors, learning challenges, childhood death, mental fog, renal failure/kidney disease, fetal development problems, lower sperm quality, more bone loss and bone fracture risk, etc., etc.).
The report of World Health Organization revealed that an estimated 7 million people die prematurely each year as a result of air pollution, which is 1 in 8 global deaths.
The economic cost of air pollution is $5 trillion per year. Studies in USA show transportation is responsible for 26% of greenhouse gas emissions.
Air pollution spreads Covid-19 and other diseases
Air pollution kills crops
India is one of the largest global producers of rice, wheat, and cotton. A new study in Geophysical Research Letters found that, in one year, damage from ozone pollution – the main component of smog – cost the country millions of tons of crops, worth more than $1 billion. news.agu.org/press-release/ozone-pollution-in-india-kills-enough-crops-to-feed-94-million-in-poverty
Air Pollution Reduces Solar Power
Covid-19 Economic shutdowns result in extremely clear skies, with no air pollution. This enables solar panels to operate so much more efficiently, it even causes problems. This is a stark reminder of the hidden costs in air pollution, being reduced solar production usually.
In USA alone, 200,000 premature deaths per annum are due to air pollution. Air pollution from road transport cost OECD countries approximately 1 trillion a year. cleantechnica.com/2020/04/18/200000-americans-a-year-die-from-air-pollution
With the introduction of clean air act, USA saved 370,000 premature deaths, had 189,000 less hospital admission for cardiac / respiratory illness, and net economic benefit of $3.8 trillion.
The Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) converts air pollution concentrations into their impact on life expectancy. The public and policymakers can then determine benefits of air pollution policies in a most important measure: longer lives. aqli.epic.uchicago.edu
Even indoor air pollution kills lives: vox.com/energy-and-environment/2020/5/7/21247602/gas-stove-cooking-indoor-air-pollution-health-risks.
But air pollution keeps getting worse: https://cleantechnica.com/2020/07/21/55-3-of-the-worlds-population-exposed-to-increasing-air-pollution/
Air Pollution Retards Brain Development
American Psychological Association reports startling connections between air pollution and decreased cognition and well-being. Michigan public schools located in areas with the highest industrial pollution levels had the lowest attendance rates and the greatest percentage of students who failed to meet state testing standards, even after controlling for socioeconomic differences and other confounding factors apa.org/monitor/2012/07-08/smog
Air Pollution Causes Depression
MohanKumar found air pollutants, specifically particulate matter, induce inflammation and oxidative stress in brains that lead to depression.2 Vert et al found that the rate of depression was 2 times higher for each 10 μg/m3 increase in nitric oxide level.8 Szyszkowicz reported a 7.2% increase in the risk of emergency department visits for depressive episodes with every 19.4 μg/m3 of PM10 concentration.3
These findings have important implications because most of the world's population resides in areas where particulate matter concentrations are greater than the WHO guidelines,1 and the association between air pollution and depression cannot be ignored. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6447209